Filler-size-dependent dynamic mechanical properties of polyethylene glycol/zircon composites

Nur Aini Fauziyah, Muthia Diah Nurmalasari, Allif Rosyidy Hilmi, Triwikantoro Triwikantoro, Malik Anjelh Baqiya, Mochamad Zainuri, Suminar Pratapa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The thermomechanical properties of polyethylene glycol (PEG) composites filled with various zircon sizes were studied. The zircon powders were derived from natural (well-known as puya) sand collected from Kereng Pangi, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The effects of the zircon size and content were examined to understand the thermomechanical properties of the composites using dynamic mechanical analysis in shear mode. Pure zircon powders with micron to nanometer sizes were prepared. The microzircon powders were prepared by heating zircon at 500, 1000, and 1200°C. Moreover, the nanozircon powders were prepared by a wet milling method with milling times of 5, 10, and 15 hours. Furthermore, the composites were prepared by a wet mixing method. According to elemental analysis of scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) data, it was found that the various zircon sizes caused different distribution effects, that is, in general, the smaller the size was, the better the distribution. Filler size variation also affected the thermomechanical properties of the composites. The addition of microzircon heated at 1200°C had the lowest storage moduli (G'), that is, 154.90 MPa and 155.55 MPa for 5 wt.% and 10 wt.%, respectively. Moreover, the maximum value of G' was obtained for the composite with the addition of nanozircon milled for 10 h (Z10h), that is, 679.27 MPa and 706.37 MPa for 5 and 10 wt.%, respectively. The addition of nanozircon slightly reduced room-temperature G', presumably due to the agglomerated filler, as confirmed by the SEM/EDX data. Moreover, a decrease in zircon size caused an increase in the melting temperature (Tm) of the matrix. In contrast, 15 h of milling had a minor effect on Tm and G', whereas the loss modulus (G") decreased with the addition of nanozircon. The effects of filler size on the thermomechanical properties of PEG/zircon composites are discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51565
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2022


  • PEG
  • nano- and micron-sized filler
  • thermomechanical properties
  • zircon


Dive into the research topics of 'Filler-size-dependent dynamic mechanical properties of polyethylene glycol/zircon composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this