It was well known that electrospinning is one of the simple technical methods for the production of polymer nanoparticles and nanofibers. Various polymers have been successfully electrospun into ultrafine particles and fibers in recent years mostly in solvent solution and some in melt form. In this work, hollow fibers with walls made of organic polymer composites have been formed by electrospinning in a single processing step under pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2). The experiments were conducted at 313K and ~8MPa. The capability and feasibility of this technique was demonstrated by the production of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) fibers whose size and wall thickness could be independently varied by controlling a set of experimental parameters. The PVP fibers had an average pore diameter 2-4μm. At low pressures (<5MPa; subcritical conditions), the solid fibers were formed, the baloon-like structures of PVP was formed with increasing pressure of CO2 at 8MPa (supercritical condition).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2014|
- Hollow fibers
- Polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP)
- Subcritical CO
- Supercritical CO