Full Waveform Modelling for Subsurface Characterization with Converted-Wave Seismic Reflection

Wahyu Triyoso*, Madaniya Oktariena, Edycakra Sinaga, Firman Syaifuddin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While a large number of reservoirs have been explored using P-waves seismic data, P-wave seismic survey ceases to provide adequate result in seismically and geologically challenging areas, like gas cloud, shallow drilling hazards, strong multiples, highly fractured, anisotropy. Most of these reservoir problems can be addressed using P and PS seismic data combination. Multicomponent seismic survey records both P-wave and S-wave unlike conventional survey that only records compressional P-wave. Under certain conditions, conventional energy source can be used to record P and PS data using the fact that compressional wave energy partly converts into shear waves at the reflector. Shear component can be recorded using down going P-wave and upcoming S-wave by placing a horizontal component geophone on the ocean floor. A synthetic model is created based on real data to analyze the effect of gas cloud existence to PP and PS wave reflections which has a similar characteristic to Sub-Volcanic imaging. The challenge within the multicomponent seismic is the different travel time between P-wave and S-wave, therefore the converted-wave seismic data should be processed with different approach. This research will provide a method to determine an optimum converted point known as Common Conversion Point (CCP) that can solve the Asymmetrical Conversion Point of PS data. The value of γ (Vp/Vs) is essential to estimate the right CCP that will be used in converted-wave seismic processing. This research will also continue to the advanced processing method of converted-wave seismic by applying Joint Inversion to PP&PS seismic. Joint Inversion is a simultaneous model-based inversion that estimates the P&S-wave impedance which are consistent with the PP&PS amplitude data. The result reveals a more complex structure mirrored in PS data below the gas cloud area. Through estimated γ section resulted from Joint Inversion, we receive a better imaging improvement below gas cloud area tribute to the converted-wave seismic as additional constrain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012048
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2017
EventSoutheast Asian Conference on Geophysics, SEACG 2016 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 31 Aug 20163 Sept 2016

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