Generating Machining Directions for 5-axis NC Machining of Cycling Helmet’s Mold Components

Alan C. Lin, Mohammad Khoirul Effendi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Mold components for producing a cycling helmet are one of the most complex parts encountered in 5-axis NC machining. One important factor namely machining direction is used not only for checking collision, but also for reducing machine setup and shaping surface with low curvature variations. This paper focuses on how to minimize the total number of machining direction in 5-axis NC machining of cycling helmet’s mold components. In the proposed method, the machining direction candidates are generated using a regular placement method. V-maps are also used to select the machining direction through cascade filter of V-maps. Genetic algorithm is also used in order to identify the initial machining direction. Moreover, blockage solver and agglomeration method are applied in sequence to update the machining direction results. Additionally, to evaluate the performance of the proposed method, a CAD model for the cycling helmet mold components is created and used as a model of implementation. The computational result shows that the CAD model can be machined using the minimum number of machining directions. A 5-axis NC machine is also used to really produce the mold components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1495-1506
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 5-axis NC machining
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Machining direction
  • Plastic injection molding
  • Visibility map


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