This study aims to assess the spatial distribution of hydropower capacity on Bawean Island using a Geographic Information System (GIS). The objective of this study is to provide a valuable contribution to the progress of sustainable energy transition initiatives in Indonesia. The primary objective of the hydropower map is to enhance the process of strategic planning and implementation of hydropower infrastructure, with a particular emphasis on supplying electricity to rural regions. The essential components required for the successful implementation of hydropower are the head, which represents the vertical distance between the water source and the water outflow, which refers to the rate at which water is discharged from the system. Bawean Island, located in the eastern region of Java, possesses a unique topographical structure distinguished by an abundance of rivers, making it a promising site for the establishment of hydropower infrastructure. The utilization of ArcGIS was applied for the aim of hydropower mapping. The estimation of water discharge was conducted using the Soil Conservation Service-Curve Number (SCS-CN) approach. The current investigation utilized the Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) framework, which incorporated the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to the Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to ascertain the most advantageous choice of hydropower plant types for deployment in the Bawean region. The classifications comprise pico-hydro, micro-hydro, mini-hydro, and large-scale hydropower installations.The Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) framework incorporates various criteria, including cost, policy, social concerns, technology assistance, integration, and natural catastrophe considerations. The results indicate that the hydropower potential on Bawean Island peaks in January, coinciding with the rainy season, while it is at its lowest in August, corresponding to the dry season. Moreover, the spectrum of hydropower installations suitable for Bawean Island includes pico-hydro systems, which have a power generation capacity of up to 5 kW. Additionally, mini-hydro plants are categorized into two classes: class A, with a power generation capacity ranging from 5 to 100 kW, and class B, with a power generation capacity ranging from 100 to 200 kW. The utilization of Multi-criterion Decision Analysis (MCDA) reveals the results of the techno-economic assessment, emphasizing the importance of cost, social factors, and policy as the key criterion for decision-making. The factors mentioned above are allocated weights of 0.44, 0.17, and 0.17, correspondingly. Pico-hydro is a suggested category of hydropower plants that are being considered for the development of hydropower infrastructure in the Bawean region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012069
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event8th Geomatics International Conference, GeoICON 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2023 → …


  • GIS
  • Hydropower
  • MCDM


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