Growth of vegetative explant Moringa oleifera on different composition of auxin and cytokinin and its synthetic seed germination

Wirdhatul Muslihatin*, Nurul Jadid, Ika D. Puspitasari, Chusnul E. Safitri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spread of Moringa oleifera is also rare for seed germination and viability or survival are low, and the lack of vegetative propagation method. The purpose of this study are to determine the effect of auxin and cytokinin on growth vegetative explants Moringa oleifera and its synthetic seed germination. The explants grown on MS medium with sucrose content of 30% and a range of additional hormone. Addition concentration and different types of hormone made in order to know the sensitivity and response explant growth on a variety of media to get a good callus and embryosomatic. The composition of the hormone given is MS + 2.4 D 3 ppm; MS + 2,4D 2 ppm + BAP 2 ppm; MS + NAA + 0.5 ppm kinetin 1 ppm; MS + NAA 1 ppm + kinetin 1 ppm; MS + NAA 1 ppm + 0.5 ppm kinetin. The explants were incubated at a temperature of 18-20°C with a photoperiod 16/8. Explants and MS medium is incubated to form embryonic callus. Seeds synthetic made from embryonic callus growing on medium 1 ppm kinetin + NAA 1 ppm with encapsulation method with sodium alginate 2%. Seed synthetic germinated in some kind of medium that medium ms0 solid (M1), ms0 liquid (M2), MS0 semi-solid (M3), MS solid NAA 1ppm + Kinetin 1 ppm (M4), MS liquid NAA 1 ppm + kinetin (M5), and semi-solid MS + NAA 1 ppm kinetin 1 ppm (M6). Synthetic seed viability was observed with the parameters of the fresh weight of synthetic seed, germination percentage and seedling. Chlorophyll content was measured by spectrophotometric method with solvent asseton. Best callus generated in this study are embryonic callus that grew on media NAA 1 ppm + kinetin 1 ppm. Embryonic callus on M6 + NAA 1 ppm kinetin 1 ppm capable of germination with an average weight of callus and sprouts of 40.38 mg. Of the entire amount of a synthetic seed on M6, just 5 seed germinate, so the percentage of germination of seeds is equal to 41.67%. with an average length of sprouts 1 cm with an average total chlorophyll content of 8.66 mg / g.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding of International Biology Conference 2016
Subtitle of host publicationBiodiversity and Biotechnology for Human Welfare
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2017
Event3rd International Biology Conference 2016: Biodiversity and Biotechnology for Human Welfare, IBOC 2016 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 15 Oct 2016 → …

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1854
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Biology Conference 2016: Biodiversity and Biotechnology for Human Welfare, IBOC 2016
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period15/10/16 → …

Keywords

  • Moringa oleifera
  • citokynin
  • germination
  • in vitro auxin
  • synthetic seed

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