Heavy metals contamination in sea cucumber (Phylloporus spiculatus) at Kenjeran, Surabaya, Indonesia: Cracker product of small-medium sized enterprise

Ririn Sumiyani, Nurmalina Muliani, Catharina Ratna, Orchidea Rachmaniah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cracker of Sea Cucumber (Phylloporus spiculatus) is a favourite and popular snack from Surabaya. It is produced by small-medium sized enterprise (Usaha Kecil Menengah/UKM) at Kenjeran, Surabaya. Since it is produced by UKM, usually it has a P-IRT (Produk-Industri Rumah Tangga) code for its production and distribution. Therefore, as it is consumed, a requirement should be fulfilled either according to National Agency of Drug and Food Control (Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan/BPOM) or World Health Organization (WHO) especially in terms of the heavy metals content. Regulation of BPOM No. 5/2018, strictly regulates a maximum allowable limit of heavy metals of processes foods from Crustacea and Echinodermata. They are 0.25, 0.20, and 0.10 mg/kg, respectively for As, Pb, Hg, and Cd. While Cr and Cu are only permitted at maximum 0.5 ppm and 10 mg/day, respectively, by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). Samples of crackers of Sea Cucumber were collected from 12 fishermen and Sea Cucumber processors at Kenjeran market, Surabaya. They were randomly chosen and analyzed by ICPS. A validation method of ICPS analysis was previously established for quantitative analysis of heavy metals, including selectivity, linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limits of quantitation as well as accuracy, and precision. It was found that none of samples containing Cd. However, other heavy metals such as Pb, Cu, and Cr were detected exceeding the maximum allowable limit. They were 252.88 mg/kg, 34.15 mg/kg, and 1.6 ppm, respectively, for Pb, Cu, and Cr. A counselling to the UKM producer of crackers of Sea Cucumber need to be conducted, informing a good food processing practice. A simultaneous analysis of sea water and other sea biota at Kenjeran Area is also necessary in order to find out whether the contamination comes from the pollution of the sea water or form the Sea Cucumber itself.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021
Subtitle of host publicationEnhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals
EditorsAprilina Purbasari, Dessy Ariyanti, Suherman, Andri Cahyo Kumoro, Tutuk Djoko Kusworo, Mohamad Djaeni
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735443365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2023
Event2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021: Enhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals, ISIChem 2021 - Semarang, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Oct 20217 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2667
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021: Enhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals, ISIChem 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySemarang, Virtual
Period6/10/217/10/21

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