Encapsulation of hectorite-modified CTAB with Ca-alginate formed reusable adsorbent beads for wastewater treatment. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) investigation indicated excellent thermal stability results for BHec-40 compared to Hec-40. Although the mesoporous surface area of BHec-40 decreased to 79.74 m2 g−1 compared to 224.21 m2 g−1 for Hec-40, the hectorite-CTAB-alginate beads showed high adsorption capacity and stability for methyl orange (MO) adsorption with more than 60% removal after five adsorption-desorption cycles. The influence of pH (3-11), temperature (30, 40, and 50 °C), initial concentration (50-400 mg L−1), and contact time were studied to obtain the kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption. The outcomes revealed a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 117.71 mg g−1 for BHec-40. The kinetics of adsorption demonstrated the suitability of using the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, while the equilibrium adsorption data follows the Langmuir isotherm. Thermodynamic analysis indicates physisorption of MO onto BHec-40. BHec-40 improves the reusability as an adsorbent for the removal of anionic dyes from aqueous media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-801
Number of pages12
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2023


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