Hydraulic Stability of BPPT – lock on Breakwater Head

Salestiano Cuimbra, Haryo Dwito Armono, Wahyudi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Breakwater is one of the coastal buildings built by humans to protect coastal areas such as ports, settlements, and tourist attractions from wave attacks. This test aims to determine the condition damage of BPPT – lock in one- and two-layers placements in the head of the rubble mound breakwater. The method used to conduct this research was physical model test and carried out at laboratory of Balai Teknologi Infrastruktur Pelabuhan dan Dinamika Pantai (BTIPDP) Yogyakarta – Indonesia. The armour unit model used BPPT–locks were 66.048 grams or equivalent to 2.268 tons in prototype and tested in various wave heights, starting from 7.5 cm, 9.2 cm, and 11.4 cm with period 1.5 S or equal to 4 meters of wave height in the prototype. Based on the laboratory results of testing, installing a double armour layer was recommended because the percentage of damage of the double armour layer was lower, and the coefficient of damage was higher.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012026
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd Maritime Safety International Conference, MASTIC 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 15 Jul 202217 Jul 2022


  • BPPT-lock
  • breakwater
  • irregular waves
  • single and double layer


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