Hydrodynamic Properties of a Moored Floating Breakwater using CFD Approach

S. F. Abdullah*, A. Fitriadhy, M. H. Mohd, M. A.A. Rahman, Suntoyo, A. Kurniawan, W. Pratikto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In presence of complex-hydrodynamic interaction between water wave and moving structure, a reliable method that can analyse nonlinear phenomena is necessarily required. This paper presents numerical investigation of a moored floating breakwater using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) approach. The mathematical model is based on the extended Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver for solid-porous obstacle. A high amplitude wave with several wave periods were deliberately considered in the simulation to allow nonlinear wave effects on the floating structure such as wave breaking, overtopping, including viscous friction. Here, the two fluid calculation method for interface boundary between water and air is proposed to capture the complex free surface changes. In addition, the fractional average volume obstacle representation (FAVOR) using partial cell treatment method is employed to simulate the motion of breakwater boundary on the free surface. Approximations and validations on the hydrodynamic properties of the structure have been carried out which include wave transmission coefficient, sway, heave, pitch, and mooring forces. The results show that the CFD model can fairly simulate well on hydrodynamics of the floating breakwater. The discrepancies between numerical and experimental data can be partly attributed to the nonlinearity in the incident wave definition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012030
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2021
Event8th International Seminar on Ocean and Coastal Engineering, Environmental and Natural Disaster Management, ISOCEEN 2020 - Surabaya, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Oct 202028 Oct 2020


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