The hydrogen adsorption, kinetic and thermodynamic of adsorption onto the zeolite templated carbon (ZTC) were examined at the temperature range of 30-50 °C and ambient pressure. The ZTC was prepared from zeolite-Y template and sucrose carbon precursor by impregnation method and showed its specific surface area of 932 m2/g as well as 0.97 cm3 /g for total pore volume. Analysis of physical and chemical characteristics for materials were performed using XRD, SEM, TEM and N2 isotherm. The results indicated that the ZTC has some ordered network structure of carbon and also exhibits the formation of the carbon layer outside the zeolite micropore. We observed the ZTC for hydrogen adsorption both gravimetric and volumetric method up to 1.72 and 1.16 wt.% at the lowest temperature, respectively. The kinetic process at all studied temperature was best approximated by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The aspects of thermodynamic such as heat of adsorption and the entropy change were-14.41 kJ/mol and-40.93 J/K mol, respectively. Both values were negative, indicating an exothermic reaction and low disorder at the hydrogen and ZTC interface when the adsorption process took place. Meanwhile, the enthalpy change value exhibits a characteristic of a physical process. The Gibbs energy change calculated at 30, 40 and 50 °C were-1.99,-1.59 and-1.19 kJ/mol, respectively, indicating a spontaneous adsorption process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalIndonesian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Hydrogen adsorption
  • Thermodynamics
  • Zeolite-Y templated carbon


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