Hydrothermal liquefaction of algal biomass to bio-oil

Jonas Karl Christopher N. Agutaya, Armando T. Quitain, Yik Lam Kam, Siti Zullaikah, Joseph Auresenia, Raymond R. Tan, Suttichai Assabumrungrat, Tetsuya Kida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter focuses on the hydrothermal liquefaction of algal biomass to bio-oil. This includes discussion of the physical properties of water under subcritical conditions that are relevant to the liquefaction of biomass components—lignocellulose, proteins, and lipids. This also covers process intensification approaches such as the use of microwave irradiation and addition of supercritical carbon dioxide for liquefaction rate enhancement, improvement of yield, and product quality. The application of carbon-based and metal oxide-based catalysts is discussed together with the parameters such as temperature, salinity, and nutrient concentration that affect the reaction. Lastly, some reaction mechanisms involved in the process are also covered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationValue-Chain of Biofuels
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals, Technology, and Standardization
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128243886
ISBN (Print)9780323858991
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Algae
  • bio-oil
  • carbocatalysis
  • hydrothermal
  • metal oxide
  • microwave
  • supercritical CO2


Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrothermal liquefaction of algal biomass to bio-oil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this