Influence of Particle Size and Bulk Density on Sound Absorption Performance of Oil Palm Frond-Reinforced Composites Particleboard

Budi Istana, I. Made Londen Batan*, Sutikno, Samrith Khem, U. Ubaidillah*, Iwan Yahya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study deals with the sound absorption performance of natural fibres from the oil palm frond (OPF), mainly considered agricultural waste. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the sound absorption performance of OPF fibre-reinforced composite under normal incidence sound. The materials used were OPF particles and urea-formaldehyde was used as an adhesive. The particleboards were produced with three particle sizes and four target densities. The absorption coefficient of normal incidence sound (αn) was tested using an impedance tube. The effects of particle size and bulk density were also evaluated. The findings reveal thatαn exceeded 0.45 at 1000 Hz and could reach 0.95 above 3.3 kHz. This occurred when the bulk density of the OPF composite particleboards ranged between 0.3–0.4 g/cm3, and the particle size varied between medium to coarse. The results also indicated that the absorption frequency and the degree of αn significantly increased as the bulk density decreased. Therefore, OPF fibres can be used to create sound-absorbing composite particleboards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number510
JournalPolymers
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • acoustic absorber
  • composite
  • oil palm frond
  • particleboards
  • sound absorption coefficient

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