INTEGRATING INSAR COHERENCE AND BACKSCATTERING FOR IDENTIFICATION OF TEMPORARY SURFACE WATER, CASE STUDY: SOUTH KALIMANTAN FLOODING, INDONESIA

F. Bioresita*, N. Hayati, M. G.R. Ngurawan, M. Berliana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Accurate and reliable information about the spatiotemporal level of surface water can be provided by Temporary Surface Water (TSW) monitoring. TSW is defined as a waterbody experiencing frequent drying phases which also correspond to surfaces frequently affected by flooding. In Indonesia, flooding is a frequent disaster, which is about 30% of the total number of disasters that occurred. In mid-January 2021, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia was hit by a flood. The loss impact of this disaster is estimated at Rp. 1.349 trillion. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), one type of remote sensing, can be used to map the spatial distribution of flood inundation. SAR has the advantage of not being constrained by day or night, weather conditions, and cloud cover or fog. Nowadays, the availability of Sentinel-1 SAR images can increase the use of SAR imagery for flood mapping. Specular reflections that occur on the smooth water surface produce a darker color in the SAR backscattering data, which makes floodwater distinguishable on dry land surfaces. However, inundation between buildings can cause changes in the backscattering value. Several studies have shown that the Interferometric SAR coherence method is a good method for mapping floods in urban areas. The main goal of this study is thus to map Temporary Surface Water (flood) of the South Kalimantan flood event in Indonesia using Sentinel-1 SAR imagery. With backscattering data, flood in a non-urban area can be mapped, but it is difficult to map flood in an urban area. Therefore, we will try to integrate InSAR coherence and SAR backscattering data in order to map flood in the whole study area. The result shows that using backscattering data, bare soil or non-urban flood inundation in the whole study area can be mapped with an overall accuracy of about 76.4%. Yet, flood in an urban area cannot be mapped only with backscattering data. The result from coherence imagery can map flood inundation in an urban area. Thus, integration from both of them can map flood inundation in the whole study area, either urban or non-urban.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
Volume43
Issue numberB3-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2022
Event2022 24th ISPRS Congress on Imaging Today, Foreseeing Tomorrow, Commission III - Nice, France
Duration: 6 Jun 202211 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Flood
  • InSAR Coherence
  • SAR Backscattering
  • Sentinel-1
  • Temporary Surface Water

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