Irradiation Time Optimization on Photocatalytic Activity of Nanoparticles MgO from Dolomite Bangkalan

Lydia Rohmawati*, Silviana Nurul Fathoni, Woro Setyarsih, Nugrahani Primary Putri, Darminto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dolomite is a type of sedimentary rock material that is often found in the Bangkalan Madura area. This dolomite has a higher MgO compound content than in the other areas, namely 40 %, but its utilization has only been as fertilizer and building materials. For this reason, this research aims to determine the characteristics of MgO nanoparticles and their application in photocatalytic with visible light irradiation. The synthesis of MgO nanoparticles used the hydrochloric acid leaching method, and the results were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, Scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Photoluminescence, and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The results showed that the synthesized MgO nanoparticles had a periclase phase and were shaped like a spherical cube with an average nanoparticle size of 27 nm and an energy gap of 3.9 eV. The optical properties of the MgO nanoparticles showed quite strong luminescence at a Raman shift of 1,087.36 cm−1, which was associated with the type of vibrational waves in the atomic lattice, and there were surface defects on the surface of the MgO nanoparticles, namely in the emission spectra of 720.06 and 740.39 nm originating from oxygen vacancies (F-center) and Mg vacancies (V-center). The photocatalytic activity of MgO nanoparticles in visible light showed the optimum time to degrade 30 ppm methylene blue dye in 360 min and yielded a degradation percentage of 99 %. Therefore, MgO nanoparticles could be used for processing industrial dye waste using visible light.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7442
JournalTrends in Sciences
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • Dolomite
  • MgO nanoparticles
  • Photocatalytic activity

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