Isolation of cellulose from teak wood using hydrothermal method

Prida N. Trisanti*, Muhammad Rifan, Pandu Akbar, Ignatius Gunardi, Sumarno Sumarno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Teak wood is a type of hardwood that is abundant in Indonesia. Generally, this wood is widely used for housing structures and furniture. But from these uses, the resulting waste has not been widely used. One of the uses of this waste is to isolate of the cellulose contained in teak wood, thus giving it a high value later. The teak wood powder was isolated through a base delignification process followed by hydrothermal to obtain useful quality cellulose. This study aims to determine the characteristics of cellulose resulting from the combination of these processes. In the base delignification process, wood powder is processed using 0.2 M NaOH at 40°C for 30 minutes. In order for the process to run optimally, this process is assisted by ultrasound. Then proceed with the hydrothermal process at a pressure of 100 bar and a temperature of 200°C at various times. From the Chesson analysis, it can be seen that the composition of lignin and hemicellulose was decreased. Moreover, from the scanning electron microscopy analysis, it can be seen that the resulting cellulose is in the form of rods with the highest crystallinity degree of 79.33%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Seminar on Chemistry
EditorsYuly Kusumawati, Adi Setyo Purnomo
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735441002
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2021
Event4th International Seminar on Chemistry, ISoC 2021 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Oct 20208 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2349
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Seminar on Chemistry, ISoC 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period7/10/208/10/20

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