TY - JOUR

T1 - Kalman filter estimation of identified reduced model using balanced truncation

T2 - A case study of the Bengawan Solo river

AU - Arif, D. K.

AU - Adzkiya, D.

AU - Fadhilah, H. N.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 InforMath Publishing Group.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - In this paper, we compare the estimation results for the reduced model and original model of water level in a river. First, we compute a reduced model from the original model using the balanced truncation method, then we estimate the reduced model using the Kalman filter. Since the orders of the state variables in the reduced model and original model are different, we cannot compare them directly. Therefore, we need an identification of the state variables in the reduced model such that we can determine the corresponding state variables in the original model or the real data. The selected river ow model is the Bengawan Solo river in Indonesia. The Bengawan Solo river is the longest river in Indonesia and often causes oods in the area around the river. With the river length of 548 km, it is difficult to obtain complete data at each point, and this will lead to a large order river ow model. Since the Bengawan Solo river ow model is a large order model, we need to reduce the model using the balanced truncation method. Next, to obtain data on the water levels at each unknown point, we estimate the reduced model using the Kalman filter method. Based on the simulation results, we see that if more points are removed, the error value is larger. However, if fewer points are known, the computational time is less.

AB - In this paper, we compare the estimation results for the reduced model and original model of water level in a river. First, we compute a reduced model from the original model using the balanced truncation method, then we estimate the reduced model using the Kalman filter. Since the orders of the state variables in the reduced model and original model are different, we cannot compare them directly. Therefore, we need an identification of the state variables in the reduced model such that we can determine the corresponding state variables in the original model or the real data. The selected river ow model is the Bengawan Solo river in Indonesia. The Bengawan Solo river is the longest river in Indonesia and often causes oods in the area around the river. With the river length of 548 km, it is difficult to obtain complete data at each point, and this will lead to a large order river ow model. Since the Bengawan Solo river ow model is a large order model, we need to reduce the model using the balanced truncation method. Next, to obtain data on the water levels at each unknown point, we estimate the reduced model using the Kalman filter method. Based on the simulation results, we see that if more points are removed, the error value is larger. However, if fewer points are known, the computational time is less.

KW - Balanced truncation

KW - Bengawan Solo river

KW - Estimation

KW - Kalman filter

KW - Model reduction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087830338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85087830338

SN - 1562-8353

VL - 19

SP - 455

EP - 463

JO - Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory

JF - Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory

IS - 4

ER -