The activity of mesoporous Al-MCM-41 for deoxygenation ofReutealis trispermaoil (RTO) was enhancedviamodification with NiO nanoparticles. Deoxygenation at atmospheric pressure and under H2free conditions required acid catalysts to ensure the removal of the oxygenated fragments in triglycerides to form liquid hydrocarbons. NiO at different weight loadings was impregnated onto Al-MCM-41 and the changes of Lewis/Brønsted acidity and mesoporosity of the catalysts were investigated. The activity of Al-MCM-41 was enhanced when impregnated with NiO due to the increase of Lewis acidity originating from NiO nanoparticles and the mesoporosity of Al-MCM-41. Increasing the NiO loading enhanced the Lewis acidity but not Brønsted acidity, leading to a higher conversion towards liquid hydrocarbon yield. Impregnation with 10% of NiO on Al-MCM-41 increased the conversion of RTO to hydrocarbonsviathe deoxygenation pathway and reduced the products from cracking reaction, consequently enhancing the green diesel (C11-C18) hydrocarbon products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21885-21896
Number of pages12
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2021


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