Liquid-liquid equilibria of ternary aqueous mixtures containing alcohols and alkyl levulinates

Rizky Tetrisyanda, Salal Hasan Khudaida, Hao Yeh Lee, Ming Jer Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The liquid–liquid equilibrium (LLE) data were measured for the ternary systems of water + methanol + ethyl levulinate, water + ethanol + ethyl levulinate, and water + n-butanol + n-butyl levulinate in a temperature range of 298.15 K to 328.15 K and at 101.3 kPa. Among the investigated mixtures, the ethyl levulinate-containing systems are categorized as a type-I LLE and their areas of two-liquid-phase region decreases with increasing temperature. The ternary system of water + n-butanol + n-butyl levulinate behaves as a type-II LLE and interestingly its area of two-liquid-phase region increases with an increase of temperature over the experimental condition. These new LLE tie-lines data were correlated accurately with the NRTL model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106384
JournalJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Alkanols
  • Alkyl levulinates
  • LLE
  • NRTL
  • Water


Dive into the research topics of 'Liquid-liquid equilibria of ternary aqueous mixtures containing alcohols and alkyl levulinates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this