Machinery signal separation using non-negative matrix factorization with real mixing

Anindita Adikaputri Vinaya*, Sefri Yulianto, Qurrotin A’Yunina Maulida Okta Arifianti, Dhany Arifianto, Aulia Siti Aisjah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A big challenge in detecting damage occurs when the sound of a machine mixes with the sound of another machine. This paper proposes the separation of mixed acoustic signals using Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) method for fault diagnosis. The NMF method is an effective solution for finding hidden parameters when the number of observations obtained by the sensor is less than the number of sources. The real mixing process is done by placing two microphones in front of the machine. Two microphones will be used as sensors to capture a mixture of four machinery signals. Performance testing of signal separation is done by comparing baseline signals with estimated signals through the mean log spectral distance (LSD) and the mean square error (MSE). The smallest spectral distance between the estimated signal and the baseline signal is found in Ŝ2 with an average LSD of 1.26. The estimated signal Ŝ2 is the closest to the baseline signal with MSE of 1.15 x 10-2. The pattern of bearing damage in the male screw compressor can be identified from the spectrum of estimated signal through harmonic frequencies as in the estimated signal Ŝ3 which is seen at 11x fundamental frequency, 12x fundamental frequency, 15x fundamental frequency, and 16x fundamental frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1476
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • Fundamental frequency
  • Machinery signal
  • NMF
  • Real mixing


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