Porous zirconia particles were synthesized through a low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis process. Under hydrothermal conditions, water can control the direction of crystal growth, morphology, particle size, and size distribution because thermodynamics and transport properties can be controlled by pressure and temperature. In a batch process, the hydrothermal synthesis was conducted at 200–300 °C and 30 MPa with an SUS-304 tube as the reactor. At the same reaction pressure, experiments were also performed for a flow process with temperatures of 180–200 °C. The synthesized products were calcined and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the macroporous zirconia particles that were formed had pore diameters around 419 nm. The XRD pattern indicated that the products were composed of zirconium oxide particles with monoclinic, tetragonal, and cubic structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5367-5385
Number of pages19
JournalResearch on Chemical Intermediates
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


  • Composite
  • Hydrothermal
  • Macroporous
  • Synthesis
  • Zirconia


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