Magnetic susceptibilities of surface sediments from estuary rivers in volcanic regions

Abd Mujahid Hamdan*, Kartika Hajar Kirana, Fathul Hakim, Muhammad Iksan, Satria Bijaksana, Mariyanto Mariyanto, Teuku Muhammad Ashari, La Ode Ngkoimani, Hadi Kurniawan, Aditya Pratama, Mulyadi Abdul Wahid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estuaries have very complex mechanisms because they are influenced by seawater intrusion, which causes enrichment of contaminants in the maximum turbidity area. Magnetic susceptibility measurements have been used for monitoring a wide variety of environments. However, there have been few studies of the magnetic properties of surface sediments from estuaries in volcanic environments in the tropics. This study investigates the magnetic properties and their correlations with the geochemistry of surface sediments in estuaries in volcanic areas and was conducted in the Krueng Aceh River, Indonesia. Measurements consist of magnetic susceptibility measurements, chemical analysis, and mineralogical analysis. Measurements of magnetic susceptibilities were performed using a Bartington MS2 instrument with an MS2B sensor using frequencies of 460 and 46 kHz. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used to identify elements in the sediments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis was used to analyze sediment grains. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was used to determine mineral contents. For the first time, χLFFD ratios were found to be an obvious parameter for identifying areas of sediment traps and metal enrichment in the estuary turbidity maxima (ETM) zone. The magnetic properties carried by volcanic rock minerals consist of pigeonite and enstatite. These two minerals have not been previously considered as carriers of sediments with magnetic properties when monitoring heavy metal enrichment in urban rivers. These results provide an extension of the use of magnetic susceptibility measurements in environmental studies, particularly in estuary river environments in volcanic areas such as the Krueng Aceh River, Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number239
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume194
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Estuary
  • Heavy metals
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Monitoring, river
  • Volcanic

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