Optical characteristics of Mandarin Orange cv. Batu 55 of different maturity level has been obtained using reflectance (Vis-NIR) and fluorescence spectroscopy. Spectra features of both reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopy have been evaluated to develop a ripeness prediction model. Spectra dataset and reference measurements were subject to the partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis. The best prediction models were using reflectance spectroscopy data showing the coefficient of determination R2 up to 0.89 and root mean square error (RMSE) of 2.71. On the other hand, it was found that fluorescence spectroscopy showed interesting spectra change in correlation with the accumulation of bluish and reddish fluorescence compounds in the lenticel spots on the fruit surface. The best prediction model using fluorescence spectroscopy data showed the R2 of 0.88 and RMSE of 2.81. Besides that, it wa found that combining spectra of reflectance and fluorescence features could increase the R2 of the partial least square regression (PLSR) model with Savitzky-Golay smoothing, up to 0.91 for brix-acid ratio prediction with RMSE 2.46. These results show the potential of the combined reflectance-fluorescence spectroscopy system for Mandarin ripeness assessment.
|Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
|Published - 5 Dec 2023