The cost of sea transportation in the cement industry located in an archipelago country has a large contribution of the overall cost because cement is a heavy product but the price is cheap and must be distributed to packing plants that are spread across several islands. The high level of competition among cement companies makes the issue of cost efficiency and inventory availability a major concern for companies. This paper proposed a solution to maritime inventory routing problems (MIRP) to minimize the cost of sea transportation faced by a cement company in the Indonesian archipelago in meeting the needs at the consumption port. Unlike other multi-product handling such as oil and other chemicals that require the use of special compartments on ships, undedicated ship compartments are generally used on multi-product cement carriers. To solve this problem, we developed a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model to minimize transportation costs with an inventory level that remains unfulfilled during the planning horizon period. The results of this optimization provide a global optimum with the total cost of transportation about IDR 3.69 billion for the second week period in October 2019 and maintained the availability of cement during this period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012095
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2020
Event2nd International Conference on Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, ICI and ME 2020 - Medan, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Sept 20204 Sept 2020


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