Microplastics Contamination in the Aquatic Environment of Indonesia: A Comprehensive Review

Gina Lova Sari*, Ahsanal Kasasiah, Marsah Rahmawati Utami, Yulinah Trihadiningrum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The abundance of microplastics (MP) in the aquatic environment is increasingly disturbing for maritime countries, especially Indonesia, because it has the potential to threaten the health and sustainability of aquatic ecosystems. This review summarized and discussed the distribution of MP abundance in Indonesian aquatic ecosystems which concluded that rivers, bays and estuaries, beaches, seas, and even fish and shellfish have been contaminated. The highest contamination of MP was found in the waters of Jakarta, West Java, and East Java, which are densely populated areas. The potential threat of exposure and accumulation of MP to human health was also discussed. However, differences in the methods and units of measurement for MP as well as limited information regarding the interaction of MP with human organ functions are weaknesses in this review. The future research on the relationship between food and feeding habits of the community around contaminated waters with the accumulation of MP in the human body is needed to identify the prevention and treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Ecological Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Indonesia
  • aquatic environment
  • contamination
  • human exposure
  • microplastics


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