To consider silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as a colorimetric sensor for H2O2 we require investigation of the effects of the homogeneity of the nanoparticle size and morphology on the sensor parameters. Uniformly-sized Ag nanoparticles with diameters of ∼18.8 ± 2.8 nm were produced using microwave irradiation (AgNP1) but non-uniform particles with diameters of ∼71.2 ± 19.4 nm (AgNP2) were formed without microwave irradiation. Microwave synthesis produced AgNP1 with superiority in terms of repeatability, selectivity and sensor stability for up to eight months of storage over AgNP2. AgNP1 exhibited higher sensitivity and detection limits in the working range of 0.01-40000 μM as compared to AgNP2. The application of the AgNP sensor to milk samples provided recovery values of 99.09-100.56% for AgNP1 and 98.18-101.90% for AgNP2. Microwave irradiation resulted in strong and uniform PVP-Ag interactions for isotropic growth into small nanoparticles. Size and morphology uniformity determined the characteristics of the AgNP sensor that can be applied for H2O2 detection in a wide range of concentrations and real-time evaluation, with the potential for industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6815-6822
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2024


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