Modeling basic movements of Indonesian traditional dance using generative long short-term memory network

Lukman Zaman, Surya Sumpeno, Mochamad Hariadi, Yosi Kristian, Endang Setyati, Kunio Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The preservation of traditional dances as an important part of world cultural heritage can be done by recording. While it is convenience to record the dances using video, this medium has limited capability in the reconstruction. On the other hand, recording using a motion capture device gives us the ability to replay them and add alterations in a creative process. In this paper, we propose a method to train traditional dance moves in a generative model using Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). We use a traditional dance from East Java, Indonesia, that is called Remo Dance as the training data. The dance is recorded with a motion capture device and each basic move is trained into the model. In the sampling process, the trained model reiterates its memory into an unlimited length of dance animation. The generated dance animation has imperfection relative to the training data. This discrepancy gives the intended variations. We use visual assessments, dynamic time warping curves, and a subset of parameters from Laban motion analysis to evaluate the variations. These evaluations show how the variations behave and in what pattern they occur. In general, those variations give slight alterations to the motions that add human-like imperfection and give opportunities for animators and choreographers alike to explore new dances creations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
JournalIAENG International Journal of Computer Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Cultural heritage
  • Deep learning
  • Generative model
  • Indonesian traditional dance
  • LSTM
  • Long short-term memory
  • Remo dance


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