Modification of Sugar Cane Bagasse with CTAB and ZnO for Methyl Orange and Methylene Blue Removal

Riki Subagyo, Achmad R. Diakana, Garcelina R. Anindika, Syafsir Akhlus, Hendro Juwono, Lei Zhang, None Arramel, Yuly Kusumawati*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sugar cane bagasse (SB) was modified with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), followed by impregnation with zinc oxide (ZnO) to create a synergistic adsorption and photocatalytic system for methyl orange (MO) and methylene blue (MB) removal. The presence of CTAB and ZnO was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, and energy dispersive X-ray (for Zn and O). Modification of SB with CTAB (CSB) generated more positive sites on the surface of SB, which enhanced MO removal compared with that of pristine SB. ZnO impregnation induces a decrease in MO removal due to the ZnO presence on the CSB surface, which might reduce the positive sites on the CSB. In addition, the positive sites on CSB can interact with Zn2+ and O2- to form ZnO and lead to a decrease in MO removal. In contrast, the presence of ZnO facilitated good removal of MB compared to CSB, indicating that the photocatalytic process plays a greater role in removing MB. However, the addition of H2O2 can improve MO and MB removal under irradiation due to the formation of external •OH. The photocatalytic performance of MO and MB was also observed to be favored under acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Omega
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

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