Multi-objective optimization in face milling process with cryogenic cooling using grey fuzzy analysis and BPNN-GA methods

Bobby Oedy Pramoedyo Soepangkat*, Rachmadi Norcahyo, Bambang Pramujati, M. Abdul Wahid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prediction and optimization of multiple performance characteristics in the face milling process of tool steel ASSAB XW-42. Design/methodology/approach: The face milling parameters (cutting speed, feed rate and axial depth of cut) and flow rate (FR) of cryogenic cooling were optimized with consideration of multiple performance characteristics, i.e. surface roughness (SR), cutting force (Fc) and metal removal rate (MRR). FR of cryogenic cooling has two levels, whereas the three face milling parameters each have three levels. Using Taguchi method, an L18 mixed-orthogonal array was selected as the design of experiments. The rough estimation of the optimum face milling parameters was determined by using grey fuzzy analysis. The global optimum face milling parameters were searched by applying the backpropagation neural network-based genetic algorithm (BPNN-GA) method. Findings: The optimum SR, cutting force (Fc) and MRR could be obtained by setting FR, cutting speed, feed rate and axial depth of cut at 0.5 l/min, 280 m/min, 90 mm/min and 0.2 mm, respectively. The experimental confirmation results showed that BPNN-based GA optimization method could accurately predict and significantly improve all of the multiple performance characteristics. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there were no publications available regarding multi-response optimization using the combination of grey fuzzy analysis and BPNN-based GA methods during cryogenically face milling process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1565
Number of pages24
JournalEngineering Computations
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019


  • ASSAB XW-42
  • Cryogenic
  • Face milling
  • Grey fuzzy analysis


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