Operation failure of risk analysis on floating storage and offloading

Silvianita*, A. A. Harahap, M. F. Khamidi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The need for petroleum in daily life is increasing. The oil comes from the seabed, so it is necessary to have adequate facilities during the exploration and exploitation of crude oil. The process of distributing crude oil to FSO is assisted by the Product Transfer System pipeline. In this process there is a possibility of failure that occurs form several factors, namely tools, weather and sea conditions, and human. In this study, the analysis of the risk of operational failure during loading-unloading of crude oil is discussed. The analysis was carried out using the HAZOP Analysis and Bow-Tie Analysis methods. HAZOP Analysis for hazard identification, and Bow-Tie Analysis for finding the appropriate mitigation. From this method, an overview of the risks than can occur can be obtained so that the risk control required by FSO can be implemented. From the results of this study, it was found that there are 41 potential hazards on the process of loading-unloading crude oil FSO, with the highest risk is inadequate quality of the transfer equipment components with the likelihood rank is 4 and severity rank is 4. The results of Bow-Tie visualization of dominant risk found five causes, namely corrosion, inadequate material quality, eroded material, service life, and material degradation, and five consequences, namely property damage, delayed operational activities, oil spills, environmental damage due to oil spill, and corrosion occurs on the product transfer equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012031
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Event11th International Seminar on Ocean, Coastal Engineering, Environmental and Natural Disaster Management, ISOCEEN 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Sept 2023 → …


  • Bow-Tie Analysis
  • Floating Storage and Offloading (FSO)
  • HAZOP Analysis
  • crude oil
  • operation failure


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