Optimization of transesterification process of biodiesel from nyamplung (calophyllum inophyllum linn) using microwave with CaO catalyst

Heri Septya Kusuma*, Ansori Ansori, Sasmitha Wibowo, Donny Satria Bhuana, Mahfud Mahfud

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum Linn) is one of the most widely grown plants in Indonesia. In addition, nyamplung oil has a future competitive advantage in that it can be processed into biodiesel. However, conventional methods for transesterification of nyamplung oil have been less effective. Therefore, in this study biodiesel was produced using microwaves as one of the alternative methods that can improve the shortcomings of conventional methods. In addition, optimization of parameters such as microwave power, catalyst concentration and transesterification time was done using Box-Behnken design. The combination of microwave with CaO catalyst and treated with Box-Behnken design are considered as a new and modern method for production of biodiesel from nyamplung oil and optimizing the factors that affected the transesterification process. The results showed that factors such as microwave power of 449.29 W, concentration of catalyst of 4.86% and transesterification time of 10.07 min can produce optimal yield of biodiesel of 92.73% with reliability of 93.22%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Chemical Engineering Research
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • CaO
  • Calophyllum inophyllum Linn
  • Nyamplung oil
  • Transesterification

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