PEG-templated mesoporous silicas using silicate precursor and their applications in desiccant dehumidification cooling systems

Heru Setyawan*, Minta Yuwana, Ratna Balgis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was employed as a templating agent for the preparation of mesoporous silica materials starting from sodium silicate solutions using a sol-gel method. We show that PEG can serve as a structure-directing agent resulting in silica structures with pores spanning a range of 3.3-3.9 nm depending on the PEG concentration and the PEG removal method. The use of a PEG template increased significantly the surface area from 252 m2 g-1 without PEG to >340 m2 g-1 and >634 m2 g-1 when the PEG was removed by, respectively, calcination and solvothermal extraction. It appears that calcination at high temperature caused a densification of the pore structure resulting in a smaller surface area and pore diameter. The impregnation of mesoporous silica with CaCl2 significantly increased the adsorption capacity of water. At high humidity, the composite adsorbents containing approximately 42 wt.% CaCl2 yield a maximum adsorption capacity of 1.6 times their own weight and 4.4 times that of bare silica. The adsorption is physical in nature as viewed from the adsorption energy calculated by the Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Composite adsorbent
  • Mesoporous silica
  • PEG-Silica hybrid
  • Sodium silicate
  • Water vapor

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