High-performance buildings have become a topic of interest and are constantly undergoing research developments. One of the design concepts for achieving high-performance buildings is known as performance-based building design (PBBD). PBBD is a design concept that facilitates integrated construction actors from the design stage to the operational stage. In the performance-based building design literature, research conducting a literature review on this topic is still scarce, so the purpose of this study is to conduct a review of the performance-based building design literature for a period of 15 years (2006–2021). Based on the literature review methodology, a total of 66 Scopus indexed research papers were identified. The findings show that there are three themes that interest researchers in discussing PBBD research, namely the definition of performance goals, design performance processes, and BIM support in performance-based design. The results of this study are expected to increase understanding in the area of performance-based building design through a literature review and contribute to design science in construction project management.