Phytotoxicity of wastewater containing lead (pb) effects scirpus grossus

B. Voijant Tangahu, S. Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, H. Basri, M. Idris, N. Anuar, M. Mukhlisin

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly and cost-effective method to clean the envi- ronment of heavy metal contamination. A prolonged phytotoxicity test was conducted in a single exposure. Scirpus grossus plants were grown in sand to which the diluted Pb(NO3)2 was added, with the variation of concentration were 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/L. It was found that Scirpus grossus plants can tolerate Pb at concentrations of up to 400 mg/L. The withering was observed on day-7 for Pb concentrations of 400 mg/L and above. 100% of the plants withered with a Pb concentration of 600 mg/L on day 65. The Pb concentration in water medium decreased while in plant tissues increased. Adsorption of Pb solution ranged between 2 to 6% for concentrations of 100 to 800 mg/L. The Bioaccumulation Coefficient and Translocation Factor of Scirpus grossus were found greater than 1, indicating that this species is a hyperaccumulator plant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-826
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • Hyperaccumulator plant
  • Phytoremediation
  • Phytotoxicity
  • Scirpus grossus


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