Plastid DNA Barcoding and RtActin cDNA Fragment Isolation of Reutealis Trisperma: A Promising Bioresource for Biodiesel Production

Nurul Jadid*, Nur Laili Alfina Rosidah, Muhammad Rifqi Nur Ramadani, Indah Prasetyowati, Noor Nailis Sa’adah, Aulia Febrianti Widodo, Dwi Oktafitria

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Reutealis trisperma belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae is currently used for biodiesel production, and rapid development in plant-based biofuel production has led to its increasing demand. However, massive utilization of bio-industrial plants has led to conservation issues. Moreover, genetic information on R trisperma is still limited, which is crucial for developmental, physiological, and molecular studies. Studying gene expression is essential to explain plant physiological processes. Nonetheless, this technique requires sensitive and precise measurement of messenger RNA (mRNA). In addition, the presence of internal control genes is important to avoid bias. Therefore, collecting and preserving genetic data for R trisperma is indispensable. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the application of plastid loci, rbcL, and matK, to the DNA barcode of R trisperma for use in conservation programs. In addition, we isolated and cloned the RtActin (RtACT) gene fragment for use in gene expression studies. Sequence information was analyzed in silico by comparison with other Euphorbiaceae plants. For actin fragment isolation, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was used. Molecular cloning of RtActin was performed using the pTA2 plasmid before sequencing. We successfully isolated and cloned 592 and 840 bp of RtrbcL and RtmatK fragment genes, respectively. The RtrbcL barcoding marker, rather than the RtmatK plastidial marker, provided discriminative molecular phylogenetic data for R Trisperma. We also isolated 986 bp of RtACT gene fragments. Our phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that R trisperma is closely related to the Vernicia fordii Actin gene (97% identity). Our results suggest that RtrbcL could be further developed and used as a barcoding marker for R trisperma. Moreover, the RtACT gene could be further investigated for use in gene expression studies of plant.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioinformatics and Biology Insights
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Actin
  • DNA barcoding
  • Euphorbiaceae
  • Reutealis trisperma
  • gene expression
  • renewable energy


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