Preliminary studies identify male and female sound based on frequency, pitch and formant composition

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Voice classification is one of the deeper research of speech recognition. Classification analysis of gender based sound with wav format using Praat software is a clever system that distinguish male and female voice through the system. This article aims to look at the similarities and differences in the pitch and formant frequencies using voice record for 35 samples. Subject for speech beginner musical scale pronunciation taken from college student of Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology aged 18 to 23 years old. From this study, the results from 100-150 Hz for men as well as 200-250 Hz for women. In addition to the pronunciation has a value of F1 ranges from 650 - 950 Hz, Formant 2 ranges from 1300-1500 Hz and formant 3 is in the range 2500-4000 Hz. 100% of the pronunciation "La" and "Fa" has a complete composition of the fundamental frequency and frequency bands for each scale of musical. Different with "Do" and "Sol" that have 15% of formant 1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012008
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019
Event9th International Conference on Physics and Its Applications, ICOPIA 2018 - Surakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201814 Aug 2018


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