Preliminary Study of Probolinggo Active Fault in East Java Based on Gravity Method

Juan Pandu Gya Nur Rochman*, M. Singgih Purwanto, Anik Hilyah, F. M. Haris Miftakhul, Mohamad Setyo Ari Nuswantara, Syafiatun Nuriyah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The Gravity Method based on TOPEX satellite data is a one of geophysical method which from satellite observations. The gravity method investigate the gravitational field from one to another observation point. The principle of this method has the ability to distinguish the mass material density from its environment, so that the subsurface structure can be identified. In this research, gravity method is used to identify subsurface structures that are suspected of Probolinggo Fault and identify the rock lithology. From TOPEX we get free air anomaly and then applied the correction process to obtain Complete Bouguer Anomaly (CBA) value. The CBA value is processed interpolation to create CBA map, and then the map is filtered by butterworth to obtain regional and residual maps. The value of high gravity acceleration is 0.076 - 19.74 mGal indicating compact rocks. Meanwhile, based on the residual anomaly map, the value of smaller gravity acceleration is -0.92 - 0.9 mGal indicates lower compacting rocks with smaller mass. The gravity acceleration contrast on the residual anomaly, on the north side of fault line (0.12 mGal to 0.45 mGal) and on the south side (-0.92 mGal to -0.043 mGal), is interpreted as normal fault. Furthermore, 3D modelling shows density value less than 2 gr/cm3 we can interpret as pyroclastic fall, in between 2 gr/cm3 until 2.4 gr/cm3 is sandstone and more than 2.4 gr/cm3 is igneous rock such as andesit. 2D slicing modelling show presence the shear fault, so we can suspect this area have oblique fault with west-east direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012025
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2021
EventGeomatics International Conference 2021, GEOICON 2021 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2021 → …


  • 3D modeling
  • Gravity
  • Probolinggo Fault
  • Topex


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