Preparation And Characterization Of Poly(L-Lactic Acid) Films Plasticized With Glycerol And Maleic Anhydride

Hikmatun Ni'mah*, Rochmadi Rochmadi, Eamor M. Woo, Dian A. Widiasih, Siska Mayangsari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) was blended with glycerol as a plasticizer by the solution blending technique to form blend films. The glycerol content was varied in order to evaluate the effect of glycerol content on the PLLA properties and to obtain an optimum weight ratio of PLLA/glycerol (PLLA/Gly) blend films with improved properties. The effect of the addition of compatibilizer on the properties of the composite films was also observed. The properties of the films obtained were characterized by using FTIR, XRD, DMA and SEM. The FTIR spectra showed an increase in the intensity of the characteristic peak of glycerol with increasing glycerol content, indicating that the blending ratio and technique were precise. Based on the XRD analysis, the degree of crystallinity generally increased with the addition of glycerol. DMA analysis showed that the addition of glycerol reduced the value of tensile strength and Young's modulus of the PLLA/Gly films, but increased the elongation at break. The optimum weight ratio was reached by the sample of PLLA/Gly (80/20) with the value of tensile strength, Young's modulus and elongation at break being 13.43 MPa, 747.8 MPa and 1.96%, respectively. The addition of compatibilizer slightly increased the flexibility of the composite films. DSC analysis showed an increase in flexibility after the addition of glycerol, indicated by a decrease in Tg, which supports the results of the DMA analysis. SEM analysis was made of the porous morphology on the fracture surface of the films after the addition of glycerol; the porous structure was more pronounced in the PLLA/Gly (80/20) film with compatibilizer, which could therefore be considered for application as a scaffold in tissue engineering after further analysis has been conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-540
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • Blend
  • Glycerol
  • Maleic anhydride
  • Plasticizer
  • Poly(L-lactic acid)


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