Preparation of porous graphene-like material from coconut shell charcoals for supercapacitors

Fahmi Fahmi, Nur Anggita Ayu Dewayanti, Widiyastuti Widiyastuti, Heru Setyawan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-surface area carbon with porous structure can provide a large electrical-double layer as energy storage in supercapacitors. Herein, porous graphene-like materials with high-surface area were prepared from renewable coconut shell charcoal via KOH activation followed by oxidation in a harsh environment using a modified-Hummer method. Using the method, the surface area of the treated coconut shell charcoal increased significantly from about 189.97 m2/g to 642.45 m2/g with a pore diameter of approximately 5 nm. As expected, the increase in surface area increased the capacitance significantly, by up to 46-fold, from 3.22 to 148.20 F/g. These results demonstrated that the low cost renewable porous graphene-like material prepared from coconut shell charcoals is promising for use as electrode material for supercapacitor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1748962
JournalCogent Engineering
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • coconut shell
  • graphene-like
  • hard carbon
  • renewable biomass
  • supercapacitor

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