13 Citations (Scopus)


This research developed a smart parking system through video data analysis using deep learning techniques that automatically determine the availability of vacant parking spaces. This system has two main stages. The first is the stage of marking the parking position on the image of a parking lot captured by the camera. This research proposes a Preprocessed Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Mask R-CNN) to mark the parking position on the input image of a full parking lot. The preprocess that combining contrast enhancement using the Exposure Fusion framework, aims to overcome the problem of lighting variations in images taken in an open area. In the second stage, each parking position is examined whether the position is vacant or not using mAlexNet. A series of trials on images with varying light conditions indicate that the Preprocessed Mask R-CNN can improve marking the parking positions with an accuracy of Intersection over Union (IoU) reach 85.80%. The result of marking the parking position is then used in the trial of the availability of parking space on video data using mAlexNet, and achieving an accuracy of 73.73%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Engineering and Systems
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Car parking spaces detection
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Image enhancement
  • Mask R-CNN
  • Smart parking systems


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