14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purification is a crucial step in biodiesel production to meet the biodiesel standard. This study purified biodiesel using choline chloride based deep eutectic solvent (DES). DES was used to reduce unreacted oil and unsaponifiable matter in rice bran oil based biodiesel. The objective of this work was to study the effect of extraction time using DES on the content and yield of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Rice bran used in this work contains 16.49 % of oil with initial free fatty acids (FFA) of 44.75 %. Acid catalyzed methanolysis was employed to convert rice bran oil (RBO) into biodiesel under following operation conditions: T = 60 °C, t = 8 h, molar ratio of oil to methanol = 1/10, H2SO4 = 1% w/w of oil. Rice bran oil based biodiesel obtained contain 89.05 % of FAME with very low FFA content (0.05 %). DES was made from a mixture of choline chloride and ethylene glycol with molar ratio of 1/2. Molar ratio of crude biodiesel to DES were 1/2 and 1/4. Extraction time was varied from 15 minutes to 240 minutes at 30 °C. The highest FAME content was obtained after purification for 240 min. at molar ratio crude biodiesel to DES 1/4 was 96.60 %. This work shows that DES has potential to purify biodiesel from non-edible raw material, such as RBO.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Seminar on Fundamental and Application of Chemical Engineering 2016, ISFAChE 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Seminar on Fundamental and Application of Chemical Engineering 2016
Editors Widiyastuti, Fadlilatul Taufany, Siti Nurkhamidah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2017
Event3rd International Seminar on Fundamental and Application of Chemical Engineering 2016, ISFAChE 2016 - East Java, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1840
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Seminar on Fundamental and Application of Chemical Engineering 2016, ISFAChE 2016
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityEast Java
Period1/11/162/11/16

Keywords

  • Deep Eutectic Solvent FAME
  • Hiodiesel
  • Purification
  • Rice bran oil

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