Qualitative comparative assessment by fsQCA for Transit Oriented Development (TOD) area comparison

S. Nurlaela, A. Nadyla, A. Y. Zuhdi, K. D.M.E. Handayeni, I. Fakhrianto, A. R. Nurkhariza, L. Yusuf

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The station development through transit oriented development principles in favor to transit patronage has emphasized the important of design, diversity and density. However, studies were lacking in identification of the level of combination of all these ingredients toward increasing ridership. Using the node-place balance perspective, the design, diversity and density are re-evaluated. Four transit terminals or stations are used as case study in the City of Surabaya. Each of the transit area is divided into several zones/subzones to evaluate the level of density, diversity and design into the value of node and place index. Each transit points would be regarded as having one among the five categories of node-place index. The level of the daily trip demand is identified as the target variable. Qualitative comparative analysis then is used to mapping the position of each station, suggested the level of combination of design, diversity and density in each node-place category, to explore which combinations that are found to be statistically significant to support the increases of trip demand. The research showed that employment density may has more impact than housing density, while node aspect maybe of more important compare to place aspect that explain high or low trip demand.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012037
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2019
Event2018 CITIES International Conference: Spatial Economic Transport Interaction for Sustainable Development - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201825 Oct 2018


  • 3D factor
  • TOD
  • fsQCA
  • node-place index


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