Quantifying the Effect of Geological Factors on Distribution of Earthquake Occurrences by Inhomogeneous Cox Processes

Achmad Choiruddin*, Aisah, Finola Trisnisa, Nur Iriawan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on earthquake occurrences using a statistical methodology based on point processes has mainly focused on the data featuring earthquake catalogs which ignores the effect of environmental variables. In this paper, we introduce inhomogeneous versions of the Cox process models which are able to quantify the effect of geological factors such as subduction zone, fault, and volcano on the major earthquake distribution in Sulawesi and Maluku, Indonesia. Specifically, we compare Thomas, Cauchy, variance-gamma, and log-Gaussian Cox models and consider parametric intensity and pair correlation functions to enhance model interpretability. We perform model selection using the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and envelopes test. We conclude that the nearest distances to the subduction zone and volcano have a significant impact on the risk of earthquake occurrence in Sulawesi and Maluku. Furthermore, the Cauchy and variance-gamma cluster models fit well the major earthquake distribution in Sulawesi and Maluku.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1579-1592
Number of pages14
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Volume178
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Cauchy cluster process
  • earthquake modeling
  • point pattern analysis
  • regression analysis
  • variance-gamma cluster process

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