Rare Earth Element Characterization of Bledug Kuwu Mud Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia, Based on Geochemical Analyzes (Susceptibility, XRF, XRD, SEM-EDS and ICP-EOS)

Rina D.W.I. Indriana*, Hijrah Saputra, Mariyanto Mariyanto, Eleonora Agustin, Mimin Iryanti, Cahyo A.J.I. Hapsoro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mud volcano material is generally rich in oxides, while oxides are the main compounds forming rare earth elements. Bledug Kuwu, Central Java, Indonesia, is one of the active mud volcanoes, so there may be rare earth elements. This research is the characterization of rare earth elements (REE) in the Bledug Kuwu mud using magnetic and geochemical methods. Magnetic characterization uses magnetic susceptibility measurements. The geochemical characterization of the mud samples consisted of the XRF (X-Ray Fluorescence), XRD (X-Ray Diffraction), ICP-EOS (inductively coupled plasma) test, and the SEM-EDS (Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) test. The results of the geochemical analysis of the Bledug Kuwu mud sample were the content of quartz, kaolinite, and calcite with an average concentration of 42.26%, 23.67%, and 33.96%. The susceptibility of Kuwu's mud is 0 because the concentration of metal elements is low; according to the results of XRF, XRD, and SEM tests identified the main mud elements as C, O, Si, Ca, and Al. The rare earth elements in Kuwu's mud are Ce, Dy, Eu, Gd, Ho, La, Nd, Pr, Sm, Tb, Y, and Sc. The highest concentrations were Ce 52.22 ppm and La 47.95 ppm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2529-2543
Number of pages15
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Geochemical
  • mud volcano
  • petromagnetic
  • rare earth elements

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