Recent advances of modification effect in Co3O4-based catalyst towards highly efficient photocatalysis

Riki Subagyo, Azis Yudhowijoyo, Novia Amalia Sholeha, Sutrisno Salomo Hutagalung, Didik Prasetyoko, Muhammad Danang Birowosuto, Arramel Arramel*, Jizhou Jiang, Yuly Kusumawati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Tricobalt tetroxide (Co3O4) has been developed as a promising photocatalyst material for various applications. Several reports have been published on the self-modification of Co3O4 to achieve optimal photocatalytic performance. The pristine Co3O4 alone is inadequate for photocatalysis due to the rapid recombination process of photogenerated (PG) charge carriers. The modification of Co3O4 can be extended through the introduction of doping elements, incorporation of supporting materials, surface functionalization, metal loading, and combination with other photocatalysts. The addition of doping elements and support materials may enhance the photocatalysis process, although these modifications have a slight effect on decreasing the recombination process of PG charge carriers. On the other hand, combining Co3O4 with other semiconductors results in a different PG charge carrier mechanism, leading to a decrease in the recombination process and an increase in photocatalytic activity. Therefore, this work discusses recent modifications of Co3O4 and their effects on its photocatalytic performance. Additionally, the modification effects, such as enhanced surface area, generation of oxygen vacancies, tuning the band gap, and formation of heterojunctions, are reviewed to demonstrate the feasibility of separating PG charge carriers. Finally, the formation and mechanism of these modification effects are also reviewed based on theoretical and experimental approaches to validate their formation and the transfer process of charge carriers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1550-1590
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2023


  • Charge carrier
  • CoO
  • Energy conversion
  • Heterojunction
  • Modification
  • Photocatalyst


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