Recommending assembly points, evacuation routes, and standard operating procedures for potential flooding due to reservoir dam failures: A case study of Gondang Reservoir, Lamongan, East Java

R. S. Sianturi, A. Y. Koswara, I. Elysiyah

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The failures of water-retaining structures, such as reservoirs and lakes, may cause massive flooding. Located in the Gondanglor village, Lamongan, East Java, the Gondang reservoir is approximately 30 years old. Currently, the village does not have an official evacuation Standard Operating Procedure (SOP), a guide needed during disaster emergency responses, including the risk of reservoir failures. The absence of the SOP means that the community members have not prepared themselves to face any hazard that threatens their safety. This research aims to recommend assembly points, evacuation routes, and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) as inputs for the preparedness of reservoir dam failures. Criteria used to determine the assembly point locations are the minimum space per person, accessibility of private vehicles, access to safer places, either a street or open space, minimum distance from buildings, accessibility of disaster response vehicles, safe from falls, and other hazards. The evacuation routes consider road networks and conditions, movement directions, and distance between starting and assembly points. The evacuation SOP focuses on communication flows. Community members and Gondang reservoir's officers are interviewed, and studies related to evacuation procedures are reviewed to help accomplish the research aim. This study has successfully recommended assembly points, evacuation routes, and SOPs for evacuating villagers when the potential of Gondang reservoir failures is identified. Community members and village officers of Gondanglor were involved in the designing of assembly points, evacuation routes, and the SOP. The study has suggested five assembly points and the shortest possible routes to reach the points from varying locations in the village. SOP suggested communication flows during varying emergency stages, including the "Abnormal"(Level 1), "Alert"(Level 2), "Alert"(Level 3), or "Warning"(Level 4) status. The results are expected to increase the preparedness level of village members to reservoir dam failures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012004
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume778
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2021
Externally publishedYes
EventCITIES 2020 International Conference: Bridging the Past and the Future of Urban Landscape in the Asia Pacific - Surabaya, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 15 Oct 202016 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Gondang reservoir
  • Standard Operating Procedure
  • assembly point
  • evacuation route
  • reservoir dam failure

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