Removal of total phosphate and sulfate from industrial wastewater by recirculating flow in nanofiltration

Abiyyu Armijn Firman Firdaus, Agus Slamet, Adhi Yuniarto, Nusa Idaman Said

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This study is related to industrial wastewater treatment in Indonesia using nanofiltration membrane technology and was carried out on a pilot scale. This research aims to study the total removal of phosphate and sulfate from industrial wastewater through flow recirculation in nanofiltration and the membrane pressure factors that influence the removal of these pollutants. The treated wastewater is industrial wastewater belonging to Jababeka Infrastruktur Corp. and is arranged in various concentrations. The membrane module in this study uses a spiral wound with model specifications NF2-4040 and a two-stage membrane system. The reactor used provides crossflow velocity and is processed by recirculation. The research results stated that variations in concentration and recovery rate provided total removal of phosphate and sulfate in the range of 70-90% and pressure reached 11 bar as both increased. This research has proven that nanofiltration membrane technology can remove total phosphate and sulfate, with the consequence that the more concentrated the wastewater being treated, the greater the pressure required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012020
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Event2023 International Conference on Environmental and Earth Sciences, ICEES 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 202326 Oct 2023


  • industrial wastewater
  • nanofiltration
  • total phosphate and sulfate removal


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