Removal of triphenylmethane dye from aqueous solutions through an adsorption process over waste materials

Ng Hou Kit, Tony Hadibarata*, Adhi Yuniarto, Ajeng Arum Sari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Water pollution is the most significant issue due to rapid growing industrial development especially textile dye industry. Therefore, the adsorption process experiment was conducted to determine the removal ability of the adsorbent chosen. The removal rate and adsorption capacity of Phenol red and Cresol were analyzed by using eggshell adsorbent in the adsorption process. The experiment was conducted with parameters of initial concentration, dosage, pH and contact time. Results indicated that the removal rate achieved more than 90% and the adsorption capacity exceeded more than 5 mg/g. The functional group before adsorption process eggshell adsorbent and after adsorption process eggshell adsorbent was analyzed by using FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy). The study of adsorption isotherm and kinetics model was carried out to identify the efficiency of the eggshell adsorbent reacting with the dye solution. The adsorption isotherm that applied in this research was Langmuir isotherm, Jovanovic isotherm and Freundlich isotherm. Moreover, Pseudo-first-order and Pseudo-second-order chosen were conducted to determine the kinetic studies. In short, eggshell adsorbent is highly effective on dye removal through adsorption capacity. The functional group of the eggshell adsorbent was found such as alcohols, phenol, alkanes, carbonyls, ester, saturated aliphatic, aldehydes, aromatics, 2°amines and phosphorus. For kinetics study, Freundlich isotherm was analyzed as the best fit isotherm model as it achieved the highest R2 value which is closed to 1 and Pseudo-second-order was analyzed as the best fit kinetic model in this experiment. Therefore, eggshell adsorbent is highly effective in dye removal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5772-5779
Number of pages8
JournalBiointerface Research in Applied Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Eggshell
  • Freundlich
  • Jovanovic
  • Langmuir
  • Triphenylmethane


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