Biodiesel is a biodegradable, renewable, non-toxic and environmentally friendly alternative fuel. The cost of raw materials comprises 60-88% of the production cost in commercial biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters, FAMEs) production. Therefore, the use of low-cost raw material as a substrate and an in situ process for biodiesel production are being preferred. In this case, rice bran, which contains 13.5% oil, was an interesting substrate. In situ esterification of high-acidity rice bran with methanol and sulfuric acid catalyst was investigated. The individual and interaction effects of methanol to rice bran ratio, sulfuric acid catalyst concentration and reaction time on purity and recovery of biodiesel were discussed. Our results suggest that under the following operation conditions: methanol to rice bran ratio of 5. mL/g, sulfuric acid concentration in methanol of 1.5. vol.%, and reaction time of 60. min, an in situ esterification operated on rice bran could yield FAMEs with a high purity and recovery. By applying an in situ esterification with n-hexane/water extractions, Indonesia will be succesfull in obtaining biodiesel from rice bran up to 96,000. ton per year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-628
Number of pages5
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2011


  • In situ esterification
  • Methanol to rice bran ratio
  • Rice bran
  • Sulfuric acid catalyst concentration


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