Risk Ratio of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Mineral Ore Processing Industry Workers

Edi Karyono Putro, Nieke Karnaningroem*, Arie Dipareza Syafei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The mining industry employs machines and equipment that generate noise. Noise is an unwanted sound that can cause discomfort to listeners, leading to health issues. One of the health problems caused by noise is Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL), a hearing impairment resulting from continuous exposure to hazardous noise levels. The Permissible Noise Exposure (PNE) value in the mining industry is set at 85 dB(A). This study aims to assess the risk of noise exposure in relation to the occurrence of NIHL among mineral ore processing workers in the mining industry in Indonesia. The study employs the epidemiological frequency measurement method Relative Risk Ratio (RR). The study categorizes workers into two groups: native mining industry workers and contractor workers in the mining industry. The RR results for each group are 2.68 and 2.76 (RR>1), respectively. These results indicate that the noise-exposed group is at a 2.68-2.76 times higher risk of experiencing NIHL compared to the non-exposed group. Noise exposure in the mining industry poses a high risk of NIHL to workers, necessitating control measures. Control measures involve reducing noise exposure using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as earplugs for workers in noisy areas. The use of earplugs can reduce noise by around 24-32 dB(A). Additionally, some industrial companies conduct awareness programs to encourage workers to use earplugs or other PPE, known as the hearing conservation program.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012001
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Event2023 International Conference on Environmental and Earth Sciences, ICEES 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 202326 Oct 2023


  • NIHL
  • RR
  • hearing
  • noise
  • risk


Dive into the research topics of 'Risk Ratio of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Mineral Ore Processing Industry Workers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this